1,800-year-old statue of a headless woman found in “City of the Mother Goddess” in Turkey
Archaeologists in western Turkey have unearthed an 1,800-year-old marble statue in the ancient ruins of Metropolis, known as the “City of the Mother Goddess” in Roman times.
Earlier this month, the department of the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism ad the discovery of the statue from the Roman period, a female figure in a robe with the head and two arms missing.
The limbs were likely tied up separately, according to Art News, although more work remains to be done to uncover the figure’s identity, researchers say.
The current excavation is a collaboration between the ministry and Celal Bayar University in Manisa, Turkey.
Metropolis (in Greek for “mother state”) was a name given to various cities, although this one is in the municipality of Torbali, in western Turkey, about 40 km from present-day Izmir, the third largest city in the country.
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1,800-year-old sculpture of a woman in a robe was found in the ruins of Metropolis, an important trading post in western Turkey during the Roman Empire
Humans have occupied the earth for at least 8,000 years ago, since the Neolithic period.
Artifacts indicate that it was inhabited by the Hittites during the Bronze Age (when it was known as the Puranda) and that it was also active during the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods.
It was founded as a metropolis by the Greeks around 300 BC and, despite its matriarchal name, housed one of only two known temples dedicated to Ares, the Greek god of war.
The sculpture dates from the Roman era of Metropolis, when the empire controlled Anatolia, the part of Turkey located on the Asian continent.
Roman philosopher-scientist Ptolemy described the city as an important trading post in Lydia, roughly halfway along the ancient trade routes between Smyrna and Ephesus.
Although the figure’s head and arms are missing, archaeologists say it is otherwise fairly well preserved
Fieldwork began in the area in the 1970s, with excavations at Metropolis beginning in the mid-1980s.
Since then, archaeologists have discovered more than 11,000 artifacts, according to Art News, including coins, ceramics, classics, ivory and metal.
The city “has a deeply rooted history dating back to prehistoric times,” Celal Bayar university archaeologist Serdar Aybek told Turkish-language news agency Demirören in January, according to an English-language report released by Arkeonews. .
“It has the fertility brought by the Küçük Menderes River. It is a region that has always been colonized.
Fieldwork began in the area in the 1970s, with excavations at Metropolis beginning in the mid-1980s. Pictured: Archaeologists carefully excavate the marble statue
Humans have occupied the earth for at least 8,000 years, since the Neolithic period. The statue was made at a time when the Roman Empire controlled Anatolia, the part of Turkey located on the Asian continent.
The statue was found in the ruins of Metropolis, a commercial center in western Turkey during Roman times. Nicknamed the “City of the Mother Goddess” by the Romans, the remains of the city were opened to tourists in 2014
Notable finds include a Hellenistic marble seat of honor found in the open-air theater, elaborate Roman baths with sculptures of Zeus and Thyke, goddess of good fortune, and other buildings from the Roman era, including a sports complex, a government building, various shops, galleries and public toilets.
Most recently, four huge, nesting cisterns large enough to hold 600 tons of water were discovered in the city’s acropolis last year.
The city of Metropolis, where the statue was unearthed, is located in the region of Torbali, in the province of Izmir in Turkey.
They are believed to have been used at the end of the Roman period and may have come in handy when the city was under siege by invaders.
In the 12th and 13th centuries, when the cisterns were no longer used to provide water, they became a dumping ground, with animal bones, broken ceramics and other everyday detritus found on the site. , according to the Daily Sabah.
The Turkish government opened the “City of the Mother Goddess” to tourists in 2014.